Treatment options for psoriasis (PsO) and psoriatic arthritis (PsA) have evolved significantly throughout the era of biologics. Clinical trials are inadequate to assess the relative long-term efficacy of biologics and are often insufficient regarding safety.
To assess the long-term persistence of different biologic classes to treat PsO and PsA.
Design, Setting, and Participants
This nationwide cohort study involved the administrative health care database of the French health insurance scheme linked to the hospital discharge database. All adults with PsO and PsA who were new users of biologics (not in the year before the index date) from January 1, 2015, to May 31, 2019, were included and followed up through December 31, 2019. Patients hospitalized for PsA in the PsO cohort and for PsO in the PsA cohort in the year before the index date were excluded. Data were analyzed from June 1 to October 31, 2021.
Main Outcomes and Measures
Persistence was defined as the time from biologic therapy initiation to discontinuation and was estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. Comparison of persistence by biologic class involved using propensity score–weighted Cox proportional hazards regression models and adjustment on specific systemic nonbiologics (time-dependent variables).
A total of 16 892 patients with PsO were included in the analysis (mean [SD] age, 48.5 [13.8] years; 9152 men [54.2%] men). Of these, 10 199 patients (60.4%) started therapy with a tumor necrosis factor (TNF) inhibitor; 3982 (23.6%), with an interleukin 12 and interleukin 23 (IL-12/23) inhibitor; and 2711 (16.0%), with an interleukin 17 (IL-17) inhibitor. An additional 6531 patients with PsA (mean [SD] age, 49.1 [12.8] years; 3565 [54.6%] women) were included; of these, 4974 (76.2%) started therapy with a TNF inhibitor; 803 (12.3%), with an IL-12/23 inhibitor; and 754 (11.5%), with an IL-17 inhibitor. Overall 3-year persistence rates were 40.9% and 36.2% for PsO and PsA, respectively. After inverse probability of treatment weighting and adjustment, the IL-17 inhibitor was associated with higher persistence compared with the TNF inhibitor for PsO (weighted hazard ratio [HR], 0.78 [95% CI, 0.73-0.83]) and PsA (weighted HR, 0.70 [95% CI, 0.58-0.85]) and compared with the IL-12/23 inhibitor for PsA (weighted HR, 0.69 [95% CI, 0.55-0.87]). No difference between the IL-17 inhibitor and IL-12/23 inhibitor for PsO was noted. The IL-12/23 inhibitor was associated with higher persistence than the TNF inhibitor for PsO (weighted HR, 0.76 [95% CI, 0.72-0.80]), with no difference observed for PsA.
Conclusions and Relevance
The findings of this cohort study suggest that IL-17 inhibitors are associated with higher treatment persistence than the TNF inhibitor for PsO and PsA. Interleukin 17 inhibitors were also associated with higher persistence than the IL-12/23 inhibitor for PsA, with no difference for PsO. However, the persistence rates of all biologics remained globally low at 3 years.
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